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ERIC Number: ED530740
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 32
Pre-K Gifted Research Model
Wilson, Andrea; Wilson, Jon
Online Submission
(Purpose) The purpose of this research model is to determine if a gifted preschool child will be less likely to experience severe emotional disturbance (SED) if he, or she, has been exposed to a curriculum that is appropriate for his, or her, mental age and an environment with true peers that is appropriate for his, or her, chronological age. (Significance) Since most disabilities do not prevent giftedness, it is logical to expect that there would be the same percentage of gifted and talented children with disabilities as exist in the general population (Silverman, 1989). Unfortunately, the population of gifted children with SED increases dramatically during the school years. By the time these gifted preschool children reach age eighteen, between 18% and 25% of them will have dropped out of high school because they are depressed and/or withdrawn as a result of their needs and feelings not being addressed (Betts and Neihart, 1988; Solorzano, 1983; Robertson, 1991). (Methodology) The research model uses a Single Case Design with individual participants. A baseline for social skills and behavior problems will be established for each participant using the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales, Second Edition (PKBS-2). This will be the control for comparison purposes. The outcome variable will be measured repeatedly across each intervention phase. The intervention will be a curriculum matched to the participant's mental age and an environment matched to the child's chronological age. Demonstrations of the causal relationship will be done visually by comparing pre and post intervention PKBS-2 ratings. (Vetting) Our research model has been vetted by experts in the field of gifted research. The model is simple and meets the Single Case Design Research Standards for data collection. (Conclusions) By designing research from the classroom up, rather than from the statistician down, best practice research can be done and educational policies can be changed at the local level years before the funding for a sweeping national project becomes available. (Contains 3 figures.)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales