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ERIC Number: ED530695
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 18
ISSN: ISSN-1548-6613
Skills Mismatch among University Graduates in the Nigeria Labor Market
Pitan, Oluyomi S.; Adedeji, S. O.
Online Submission, US-China Education Review A 1 p90-98 2012
University graduates in Nigeria have been reported to be poorly prepared for work in recent years. This has implications on the relevance of university education, the employability and productivity of university graduates. One of the reasons suggested for this condition by previous studies was skill mismatch--a situation where there is a disparity between the skills acquired by students in the universities and the actual skills needed in the labor market. However, not many of these studies have investigated the extent of skill mismatch in Nigeria. This study, therefore, examined the problem of skills mismatch and its prevalence in the Nigeria labor market. The study adopted the descriptive survey research design of "ex-post facto" type. The research was carried out in all the six geo-political zones of the country. Purposive sampling technique was used to select one town per geo-political zone. A total of 600 management staffs were randomly selected for the study. A set of questionnaire titled "Labor Market Demands and Employers Assessment Questionnaire" (r = 0.83) was utilized to elicit relevant information from employers of labor on the current labor market skill demands and their assessment of the performance of recently employed university graduates in 300 organizations (from both private and public sectors). Three research questions were answered and two hypotheses were tested at the significant level of 0.05. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ANOVA (analysis of variance) and t-tests. There was a significant negative relationship between skills demand and supply (r = -0.485; p less than 0.05). The extent of skills mismatch was 60.6% with major weaknesses found in communication, IT (information technology), decision-making, critical thinking and entrepreneurial skills. Analytical skill was the most required skill by the labor market and critical thinking the least. The mean for each of the skills demand was significantly different from its supply. University graduates were not adequately prepared for work with respect to skills demand of the labor market. Nigerian universities are therefore enjoined to inculcate the skills identified as critical but deficient in the graduates. Also, parents should understand the skills demand of the labor market in order to guide their wards appropriately. (Contains 6 tables.)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Nigeria