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ERIC Number: ED530503
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 84
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1247-2008-1
The Impostor Phenomenon in Psychology Graduate Students: A Measure of the Prevalence, in Which Year It Is Most Prevalent, and the Psychological Symptoms Involved
Dompe, Pamela
ProQuest LLC, Psy.D. Dissertation, Alliant International University, Fresno
The impostor phenomenon (IP) is a psychological condition in which people are unable to internalize their achievements. Sufferers of the impostor phenomenon experience an overwhelming sense of being a phony, despite much evidence that they have to the contrary. Those afflicted with the impostor phenomenon feel that they are not deserving of their success and that it must be the result of luck or deception. The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of the IP among psychology graduate students, as well as the year in which the effects of the IP are most prevalent. It determined whether the individuals who suffer from the impostor phenomenon have greater depression and anxiety than do nonsufferers of the IP. A total of 156 students completed the study. Each student was asked to complete three scales: The Glance Impostor Scale, the Anxiety content scale (ANX), and the Depression content scale (DEP), along with a demographic questionnaire. All of the findings supported the research hypotheses. The first hypothesis was concerned with the difference in impostor sufferers across years of study in psychology graduate students. As predicted, it was found that 5th-year students suffered the most from impostor feelings. The second and third hypotheses predicted that impostors would score higher on measures of depression and anxiety. This was supported by the findings. These findings could be used to implement intervention strategies into university curriculum to decrease depression and anxiety, increase self-confidence, and minimize negative behaviors, including avoidance, overpreparation, and procrastination. The study adds further empirical evidence for the impostor construct by showing the link between the phenomenon and the correlating emotional states, as well as the year in which preventative measures are most important. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A