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ERIC Number: ED530280
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Characteristics of Single-Case Designs Used to Assess Intervention Effects in 2008
Shadish, William R.; Sullivan, Kristynn J.
Online Submission, Behavior Research Methods v43 p971-980 2011
The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of a representative sample of single-case designs that appear in the published literature. The study located, digitized, and coded all 809 single-case designs appearing in 113 studies in the year 2008 in 21 journals in a variety of fields in psychology and education. Coded variables included the specific kind of design, number of cases per study, number of outcomes, data points and phases per case, and autocorrelations for each case. Results indicate that although studies of the effects of interventions are a minority in these journals, within that category, single-case designs are used more frequently than randomized or nonrandomized experiments. The modal study uses a multiple-baseline design with 20 data points for each of three or four cases, where the aim of the intervention is to increase the frequency of a desired behavior; but these characteristics vary widely over studies. The average autocorrelation is near to but significantly different from zero; but autocorrelations are significantly heterogeneous. Results show that single-case designs are widely used to study the effects of interventions, and suggest that more work needs to be done to find ways to include such studies in reviews of evidence-based practice. (Contains 4 tables, 1 footnote, and 5 figures.)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED); University of California, Office of the President
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305D100033; R305D100046