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ERIC Number: ED530235
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Mar-21
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 28
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
An Autobiography of Teaching and Teacher Evaluation in an Apartheid and Post-Apartheid South Africa -- Part One
Naidu, Sham
Online Submission
Apartheid was a system of government in South Africa, abolished in 1994, which systematically separated groups on the basis of race classification. The Apartheid system of racial segregation was made law in South Africa in 1948, when the country was officially divided into four racial groups, White, Black, Indian and Coloureds (or people of mixed race, or non-Whites who did not fit into the other non-White categories). "Homelands" were created for Blacks, and when they lived outside of the homelands with Whites, non-Whites could not vote and had separate schools and hospitals, and even beaches where they could swim or park benches they could sit on. With regards to the education of non-Whites, Dr Hendrik Verwoerd stated that "I just want to remind the Honourable Members of Parliament that if the native in South Africa is being taught to expect that he will lead his adult life under the policy of equal rights, he is making a big mistake. The native must not be subject to a school system which draws him away from his own community, and misleads him by showing him the green pastures of European society in which he is not allowed to graze" (Republic of South Africa, 1953, 54-55). Thus began the era of apartheid education. The Bantu Education Act was introduced to Parliament in 1953; universities were segregated in 1959; a separate education system was set up for the "coloureds" in 1963; followed by Indian education in 1964; and an Education Act for whites was passed in 1967.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Africa