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ERIC Number: ED530083
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Pages: 50
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 38
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-2045-6557
Intergenerational Mobility and Assortative Mating: Effects of an Educational Reform. CEE DP 91
Holmlund, Helena
Centre for the Economics of Education (NJ1)
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the effects of the Swedish compulsory school reform on intergenerational mobility, and to assess the extent to which the effect operates through assortative mating. A better understanding of the mechanisms underlying intergenerational mobility is important for the design of educational policies. In particular, if ability sorting has quantitatively large effects on mating patterns, then individuals might take this as evidence of the importance of sorting of individuals on different characteristics in general. Holding the age of ability tracking constant, the organization of schools, that is, how pupils are sorted within the school, may influence intergenerational mobility in itself. The author uses a unique set of data compiled from Swedish administrative records that links generations and siblings, and that contains detailed earnings-histories for all individuals. The author's main finding is that the reform led to sizeable increases in intergenerational income mobility, i.e., it reduced the intergenerational income elasticities between children and parents. The evidence concerning the impact on assortative mating is not as clear, however. The analysis shows that the reform reduced marital sorting for only for men, not for women, but this did not translate into higher mobility when taking partner's income into account. The paper unfolds as follows: section 2 presents previous literature, section 3 describes the Swedish educational reform, section 4 presents a simple model of intergenerational mobility and assortative mating, and also the empirical specification, section 5 focuses on the data and section 6 presents the results. Finally, section 7 offers conclusions. Appended are: (1) The Educational Reform-Coding and Quantitative Development; and (2) Additional Tables. (Contains 1 figure, 11 tables and 30 footnotes.)
Centre for the Economics of Education. London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK. Tel: +44-20-7955-7673; Fax: +44-20-7955-7595; e-mail: cee@lse.ac.uk; Web site: http://cee.lse.ac.uk
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Department for Children, Schools and Families
Authoring Institution: London School of Economics & Political Science, Centre for the Economics of Education
Identifiers - Location: Sweden