NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED529957
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jul
Pages: 7
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
State Definitions of Significant Disproportionality. inForum
Burdette, Paula
Project Forum
The 2004 reauthorization of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA 2004) gives states the flexibility and responsibility under Section 618 to define "significant disproportionality" based on race or ethnicity at the state (SEA) and local education agency (LEA) levels. This applies to the identification, placement and disciplinary actions. States must make this determination annually based on an analysis of numerical information. According to Memorandum #07-09, April 2007 from the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP) at the U.S. Department of Education, multiple factors for states to consider in making such determinations include population size, the size of the individual LEA and the composition of the state population. In order to develop and provide technical assistance for the states, OSEP asked Project Forum to provide it with data from the states. Project Forum conducted a survey of all SEAs to determine how they define significant disproportionality for their LEAs in each of the three areas of identification, placement and discipline. Thirty-three SEAs responded to Project Forum's survey in May 2007. Most SEAs report that their definitions are complete. However, while all except two reporting states based their determination of significant disproportionality on numerical data of varying types as required by IDEA 2004, many states identify LEAs based only on one or two of the three areas that must be considered (i.e., identification, placement and disciplinary actions) and some for only specified racial or ethnic groups or disability categories.
Project Forum. Available from: National Association of State Directors of Special Education. 1800 Diagonal Road Suite 320, Alexandria, VA 22314. Tel: 703-519-3800; Fax: 703-519-3808; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS)
Authoring Institution: National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE), Project Forum
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Individuals with Disabilities Education Act