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ERIC Number: ED529782
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Pages: 47
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 16
An Evaluation of "Special Educational Needs" Programmes in England. CEE DP 129
Keslair, Francois; Maurin, Eric; McNally, Sandra
Centre for the Economics of Education (NJ1)
The need for education to help every child rather than focus on average attainment has become a more central part of the policy agenda in the US and the UK. Remedial programmes are often difficult to evaluate because participation is usually based on pupil characteristics that are largely unobservable to the analyst. In this paper we evaluate programmes for children with moderate levels of "special educational needs" in England. We show that the decentralized design of the policy generates significant variations in access to remediation resources across children with similar prior levels of difficulty. However, this differential is not reflected in subsequent educational attainment--suggesting that the programme is ineffective for "treated" children. In the second part of our analysis, we use demographic variation within schools to consider the effect of the programme on whole year groups. Our analysis is consistent with no overall effect on account of the combined direct and indirect (spillover) effects. Thus, the analysis suggests that a key way that English education purports to help children with learning difficulties is not working. Appended are: (1) Robustness tests for the individual level regressions; and (2) Robustness test for the school level regressions. (Contains 4 figures, 6 tables and 20 footnotes.)
Centre for the Economics of Education. London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, WC2A 2AE, UK. Tel: +44-20-7955-7673; Fax: +44-20-7955-7595; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: London School of Economics & Political Science, Centre for the Economics of Education
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom; United Kingdom (England); United States
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001