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ERIC Number: ED529774
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr
Pages: 10
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 9
Virtual Personnel Preparation Programs for Special Educators: Several Approaches. inForum
Muller, Eve
Project Forum
In response to teacher shortages around the country, the number of virtual personnel preparation programs has grown dramatically over the past few years. Many of these programs have been created in order to assist in the preparation of special education professionals in a variety of specializations, including high incidence disabilities (e.g., specific learning disabilities), low incidence disabilities (e.g., autism, visual impairment and blindness, hearing impairment and deafness), early childhood and secondary transition. New and improved technologies continue to emerge and, as a result, virtual education has evolved significantly over the past decade. For example, current interactive capabilities of the Internet offer far more flexibility than the closed circuit television of the not-too-distant past. For the purposes of this article, virtual education is defined as instruction in a learning environment where the teacher and the student are separated by time, space, or both; and the teacher provides course content via course management applications (e.g., Blackboard), multimedia resources, Internet, video conferencing, or other alternatives to traditional face-to-face education. The purpose of this document is to: (1) provide a brief overview of current research on virtual post-secondary education, particularly as it pertains to the preparation of special educators; and (2) describe the features of a variety of virtual personnel preparation programs for special educators based on interviews with program representatives from five states. (Contains 1 table and 1 footnote.)
Project Forum. Available from: National Association of State Directors of Special Education. 1800 Diagonal Road Suite 320, Alexandria, VA 22314. Tel: 703-519-3800; Fax: 703-519-3808; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS)
Authoring Institution: National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE), Project Forum
Identifiers - Location: California; District of Columbia; Florida; Kentucky; West Virginia