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ERIC Number: ED529756
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Pages: 29
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 14
Measurement of High School Equivalency Credentials in Census Bureau Surveys. SEHSD Working Paper Number 2012-3
Crissey, Sarah R.; Bauman, Kurt J.
US Census Bureau
The Census Bureau has historically grouped high school diploma holders along with those who hold "high school equivalent" credentials. Among these is the credential earned through successfully passing the General Education Development (GED) test. Interest in identifying those with GEDs has recently increased, in part from debate within the academic and federal statistical communities about the inclusion of high school equivalency degrees in the calculations of high school graduation, and because of the increasing concern that equivalency degrees are not truly equivalent in terms of labor market value and as a basis for future educational attainment (Heckman and LaFontaine, 2010; Murnane, Willett, and Tyler, 2000; Clark and Jaeger, 2006; Michel and Roy, 2006; Boesel, Alsalam, and Smith, 1998; Cameron and Heckman, 1993). This paper outlines the ways that the Census Bureau captures persons with alternative high school credentials, provides estimates of prevalence based on these different methods, compares these estimates to administrative records, and reviews the Census Bureau studies on the relative reliability of survey items on high school credentials. Appended are: (1) Question Wording for Surveys; and (2) Memo on GED Data Collection in Basic CPS 2007 to Present. (Contains 2 tables, 1 figure and 7 footnotes.)
US Census Bureau. 4600 Silver Hill Road, Washington, DC 20233. Tel: 800-923-8282; Tel: 301-763-4636; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: US Census Bureau
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: General Educational Development Tests