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ERIC Number: ED529703
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 128
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1246-3753-2
Exploration of the Value of Electronic Discourse for Developing Cultural Competency in College Freshmen
Phillips, Donna Alley
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of electronic discourse on cultural competency growth among college students. Data were gathered by monitoring six discussion groups, three of which held face-to-face (FTF) discussions and three of which held electronic discussions (ED). Each group was led by a college professor after a whole-group, face-to-face presentation on three topics related to cultural competency. Research questions were: (1) Do students participating in asynchronous ED report higher levels of self-reflective discussion contributions, as evidenced by the "Assessment of Student Reflection" ("ASR"), than those participating in FTF discussions? (2) Are student participation levels more equally-distributed in ED groups in than in FTF groups? (3) Do students involved in ED demonstrate evidence of more growth in cultural competency, as evidenced by the "Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy" ("SEE") scores, than students involved in FTF discussions? Analysis of the "ASR" found that students in the FTF and ED groups did not have significantly different reports about their levels of reflection. Based on the participant responses to open-ended questions on the "ASR," discussions did help to facilitate reflection on students' beliefs and actions. The data showed that the groups reported similar levels of reflection, regardless of the type of discussion group assignment. The analysis of the discussion group contributions demonstrated that ED groups showed evidence of more evenly-distributed participation by discussion group members. An "F"-ratio indicated that the variance of contributions in the FTF groups was significantly higher than in the ED groups. Finally, the pretest and posttest results of the "SEE" showed that the FTF and ED groups had similar student outcomes. Results of the "t" tests revealed no significant differences in pretest-to-posttest gains on the "SEE" between the FTF and ED groups. An ANOVA to compare differences among the sub-groups found no significant differences within the groups. Implications for practice and recommendations for future research are provided. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A