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ERIC Number: ED529182
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Pages: 19
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 166
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Incredible Years. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
What Works Clearinghouse
"The Incredible Years" is an intervention composed of training programs for children, parents, and teachers that is intended to reduce children's aggression and improve their social skills. The three programs (child, parent, and teacher) can be used independently or in combination. The child program focuses on building social and emotional skills for students in preschool through early elementary school. The child program can be delivered to children referred for difficult behavior or to an entire classroom as a preventive measure. This program can be offered in either a classroom or a clinical setting. In a classroom setting, the teacher presents 20- to 30-minute lessons two to three times a week during circle time. Alternately, the child program can be conducted as a pullout program for small groups of children. Lessons cover recognizing and understanding feelings, getting along with friends, anger management, problem solving, and behavior at school. In a clinical setting, referred students complete activities during 18-20 two-hour weekly small-group meetings. The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) identified 166 studies of "The Incredible Years" for preschool children with disabilities in early education settings that were published or released between 1989 and 2011. Three studies are within the scope of the Early Childhood Education Interventions for Children with Disabilities review protocol but do not meet WWC evidence standards. One study was a randomized controlled trial in which the combination of overall and differential attrition exceeded WWC evidence standards. The resulting analytic intervention groups were too dissimilar at baseline to be considered equivalent. Therefore, this study did not meet WWC evidence standards. Two studies have the delivery of the intervention as a confounding factor, which makes it impossible to attribute the observed effect solely to "The Incredible Years." In one study, the author led all of the sessions for the intervention group and did not lead the control group sessions. In the second study, the intervention sessions were led by the same two-person team, while the control group sessions were led by different individuals. In both of these studies, reported program effects may be attributed to the individual(s) who delivered "The Incredible Years" rather than to the intervention itself. Seventy-two studies are out of the scope of the Early Childhood Education Interventions for Children with Disabilities review protocol because they have an ineligible study design. Ninety-one studies are out of the scope of the Early Childhood Education Interventions for Children with Disabilities review protocol for reasons other than study design. A glossary of terms is included. (Contains 2 endnotes.)
What Works Clearinghouse. P.O. Box 2393, Princeton, NJ 08543-2393. Tel: 866-503-6114; e-mail: info@whatworks.ed.gov; Web site: http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: What Works Clearinghouse (ED)
IES Funded: Yes