NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED529133
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Feb
Pages: 85
Abstractor: ERIC
Monitoring the Future National Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2011
Johnston, Lloyd D.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Bachman, Jerald G.; Schulenberg, John E.
Institute for Social Research
Monitoring the Future (MTF) is a long-term study of American adolescents, college students, and adults through age 50. It has been conducted annually by the University of Michigan's Institute for Social Research since its inception in 1975 and is supported under a series of investigator-initiated, competing research grants from the National Institute on Drug Abuse. The 2011 the MTF survey encompassed about 46,700 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students in 400 secondary schools nationwide. The first published results are presented in this report. Recent trends in the use of licit and illicit drugs are emphasized, as well as trends in the levels of perceived risk and personal disapproval associated with each drug. This study has shown these beliefs and attitudes to be particularly important in explaining trends in use. In addition, trends in the perceived availability of each drug are presented. A synopsis of the design and methods used in the study and an overview of the key results from the 2011 survey is presented in the introductory section. These are followed by a separate section for each individual drug class, providing figures that show trends in the overall proportions of students at each grade level (a) using the drug, (b) seeing a "great risk" associated with its use (perceived risk), (c) disapproving of its use (disapproval), and (d) saying they could get it "fairly easily" or "very easily" if they wanted to (perceived availability). For 12th graders, annual data are available since 1975, and for 8th and 10th graders, since 1991, the first year they were included in the study. The tables at the end of this report provide the statistics underlying the figures; in addition, they present data on lifetime, annual, 30-day, and (for selected drugs) daily prevalence. (Contains 17 tables and 9 footnotes.) [For "Monitoring the Future National Results on Adolescent Drug Use: Overview of Key Findings, 2010," see ED528077.]
Institute for Social Research. University of Michigan, P.O. Box 1248, 426 Thompson Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 734-764-8354; Fax: 734-647- 4575; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 12; Grade 8; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Institute on Drug Abuse (DHHS/PHS)
Authoring Institution: University of Michigan, Institute for Social Research
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A