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ERIC Number: ED529062
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 173
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 31
Prevalence and Implementation Fidelity of Research-Based Prevention Programs in Public Schools. Final Report
Crosse, Scott; Williams, Barbara; Hagen, Carol A.; Harmon, Michele; Ristow, Liam; DiGaetano, Ralph; Broene, Pamela; Alexander, Debbie; Tseng, Margaret; Derzon, James H.
Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development, US Department of Education
This report presents descriptive information about the prevalence and quality of implementation of research-based programs from the Study of the Implementation of Research-Based Programs to Prevent Youth Substance Abuse and School Crime. The study found that, while schools reported implementing a large number of prevention programs during the 2004-05 school year, only a small proportion reported implementing programs (approximately 7.8 percent) supported by research evidence that met the methodological standards established by the study. It also estimated that less than one-half of those implementing research-based curriculum prevention programs (approximately 44.3 percent of the estimated 7.8 percent of research-based programs) met minimal standards for fidelity of implementation during the 2004-05 school year. Curriculum programs involve the provision of training or instruction to students. Results from Phase 1 indicate that they account for approximately 97 percent of the research-based prevention programs delivered in schools during the 2004-05 school year. Given the proportion of prevention programs offered in schools that are research-based, the estimated proportion of all curriculum prevention programs that are research-based and well-implemented is approximately 3.5 percent. A variety of factors are associated with the adoption and fidelity of implementation of research-based prevention programs. Main findings include: (1) Information was examined on over 300 programs that were found on existing lists of "promising" or "effective" prevention programs. The study identified 19 school-based prevention programs that demonstrated evidence of effectiveness through this systematic review of literature; (2) A survey collecting data on prevention programs in the nation's public schools found that the 19 research-based programs accounted for an estimated 7.8 percent of the programs implemented during the 2004-05 school year; and (3) Approximately 44.3 percent of the research-based curriculum programs, or just 3.5 percent of all programs implemented in schools, met minimum standards for overall fidelity of implementation based on four program-specific measures. Appended are: (1) Methodology; (2) Summary Report on the research synthesis; and (3) Efforts to Collect Data on Program Funding From School Personnel. (Contains 43 tables, 1 figure, 6 exhibits and 34 footnotes.)
Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development, US Department of Education. Available from: ED Pubs. Education Publications Center, US Department of Education, NTIS, P.O. Box 22207, Alexandria, VA 22304. Tel: 877-433-7827; Fax: 703-605-6794; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Planning, Evaluation and Policy Development (ED), Policy and Program Studies Service