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ERIC Number: ED529061
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 215
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1246-2969-8
Latin American Youth Entrepreneurs: Differences between Coached and Laissez-Faire Entrepreneurial Experiences in Their Employability Skills and Their Entrepreneurial Innovative Attitude
Roman Maqueira, Juana
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Dowling College
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between the development of employability skills and entrepreneurial innovative attitude in Latin American youth entrepreneurs 18-29 years of age after participating in at least 1 year of an entrepreneurship experience. The design involved analyzing two groups. The first was a coached group whose experience involved: training through participation in an entrepreneurial experience; support from a mentor; monetary assistance; and technical support for the project. The second was a laissez-faire group that received only requested information through a youth entrepreneurship information network. These groups were compared on their employability skills (communication, teamwork, problem solving and organizing), their entrepreneurial attitude, and the relationships among their employability skills. This study also included an examination of the relationships among employability skills, entrepreneurial attitude, and the type of entrepreneurship activity. Furthermore, this study included research related to how, after 1 year of participation in an entrepreneurship experience, Latin American youth's employability skills, entrepreneurial innovative attitude, country of origin, gender, and type of group predicted entrepreneurial innovative attitude. Additionally, the motivations and challenges encountered in the first year of entrepreneurial experience were explored and compared between business and socially focused young entrepreneurs. There were 1,871 youths who received the survey with 627 returning surveys, yielding a 33.5 percent response rate. Of these, 317 complete surveys were used for the study. The study found that involvement in entrepreneurial activities increased the employability skills of communication, teamwork, and organizing effectively in young Latin American entrepreneurs. The coaching approach was more effective than the laissez-faire approach when developing employability skills through entrepreneurial activities. There was a relationship between entrepreneurial innovative attitude and employability skills before and after the entrepreneurial experience. Similarly, all employability skills correlated with each other. There was a significant relationship between entrepreneurial innovative attitude and gender. Males scored higher than females in entrepreneurial innovative attitude; females are not engaging in as much innovative behaviors as males. Gender was also significant when compared with communication and organizing effectively skills after the entrepreneurial experience. Males scored higher than females in these two employability skills. Concerning the type of entrepreneurial activity experienced, youngsters involved in socially focused ventures with income generating activities, were more likely to have higher scores in entrepreneurial innovative attitude, and have higher scores in teamwork skills after the entrepreneurial experience than were the entrepreneurs involved in socially focused ventures without income generating activities. The strongest predictors of entrepreneurial innovative attitude were organizing effectively skills and gender. Young entrepreneurs indicated that the main motivations experienced by both business and social entrepreneurs to become engaged in entrepreneurial activities were learning new skills and their interest in innovation. The motivation most often experienced by business entrepreneurs was market opportunities, while for the social entrepreneurs they were become agents of change, desire to improve social conditions, and need of work experience. The challenges to becoming involved in entrepreneurial activities reported by the young entrepreneurs were financing, credibility, lack of teamwork and communication skills, and lack of time. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A