NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED528761
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 600
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-0-8018-8283-8
The American Faculty: The Restructuring of Academic Work and Careers
Schuster, Jack H.; Finkelstein, Martin J.
Johns Hopkins University Press
Higher education is becoming destabilized in the face of extraordinarily rapid change. The composition of the academy's most valuable asset--the faculty--and the essential nature of faculty work are being transformed. Jack H. Schuster and Martin J. Finkelstein describe the transformation of the American faculty in the most extensive and ambitious analysis of the American academic profession undertaken in a generation. A century ago the American research university emerged as a new organizational form animated by the professionalized, discipline-based scholar. The research university model persisted through two world wars and greatly varying economic conditions. In recent years, however, a new order has surfaced, organized around a globalized, knowledge-based economy, powerful privatization and market forces, and stunning new information technologies. These developments have transformed the higher education enterprise in ways barely imaginable in generations past. At the heart of that transformation, but largely invisible, has been a restructuring of academic appointments, academic work, and academic careers--a reconfiguring widely decried but heretofore inadequately described. This volume depicts the scope and depth of the transformation, combing empirical data drawn from three decades of national higher education surveys. The authors' portrait, at once startling and disturbing, provides the context for interpreting these developments as part of a larger structural evolution of the national higher education system. They outline the stakes for the nation and the challenging work to be done. Appended are: (1) The National Faculty Surveys; (2) Selected National Faculty Surveys: A Concordance of Contents; (3) Interpreting Faculty Surveys: Challenges and Strategies; (4) Variables for Classifying Faculty Subgroups; (5) Definitions of Terms Used in Tables and Figures; (6) Academic Appointments: Historical Milestones; (7) Faculty Compensation: Data Sources; (8) Note on Accessing the Survey Instruments; (9) Faculty Diversity: Race and Ethnic Categories; and (10) Appendix Tables. A bibliography and an index are included. (Contains 37 line drawings.)
Johns Hopkins University Press. 2715 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218. Tel: 800-537-5487; Tel: 410-516-6900; Fax: 410-516-6998; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A