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ERIC Number: ED528621
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 121
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1095-9136-1
Grandparents as Primary Caregivers and Their Effects on the Reading Achievement of Their Elementary-Age African American Grandchildren
Garry, Vanessa B.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Missouri - Saint Louis
Using data collected from surveys completed by grandparents for their grandchildren (N = 72), this quantitative study examines the effects grandparent primary caregivers have on the reading achievement of their African American grandchildren. The study sought to answer the following question: How do the six types of parental involvement (Epstein, 2001) performed by primary grandparents affect the reading abilities of their elementary-age African American grandchildren who live in the same households? Six types of parental involvement include attendance to parent workshops, communications between school and home, attendance to parent conferences, assistance with homework, attendance to IEP or 504 meetings and grandchild being enrolled in tutoring classes. The researcher used extant data collected by administrators from three charter schools. First, counselors contacted grandparents who are primary caregivers inviting them to participate in the survey and second, grandparents who are not primary caregivers received the surveys from their grandchildren, who returned them to the school staff. A regression analysis was used to determine which of the six types of parental involvement affected achievement. Overall, grandchildren of grandparents who are primary caregivers outperformed their peers on Communication Arts of the Missouri Assessment Program (MAP). The conclusions drawn from the research indicate that weekly communication between school and home, parent/teacher/student meetings and assistance with grandchildren's homework are three types of parental involvement that positively affected reading achievement. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A