NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED528429
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 30
Help or Hindrance? The Effects of College Remediation on Academic and Labor Market Outcomes
Martorell, Paco
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness
This paper presents new evidence on the effect of remediation using a large longitudinal dataset of Texas students. The authors study the effect of being in any remediation, regardless of subject, and also investigate the effect of remediation in different subjects. In particular, they examine whether remediation in math improves student outcomes. They examine both academic and labor market outcomes. The administrative records that comprise their data contain rich information on several measures of student success in college such as academic credit hours, years of college completed, and degree attainment. In addition, the authors examine the impact of remediation on labor market earnings using Unemployment Insurance (UI) earnings records. Studying the labor market effects of remediation is important because it allows them to directly test whether remediation helps students become economically successful. To the best of the authors' knowledge, no other study has examined the labor market effects of college remediation. The authors examined students who first entered college between the 1991-92 and 1999-2000 school years, and did so as first-year students. The results provide little indication that students benefit from remediation. For a wide range of academic outcomes, and across a variety of subgroups, the estimated effects of remediation are small in magnitude and statistically insignificant. There is no difference in the fraction earning a college degree for students just above and below the remediation placement cutoff, despite the large difference in the probability of remediation. If anything, the authors find some evidence that remediation might worsen the outcomes of some students. They also find no evidence that remediation confers longer run economic benefits in the form of higher earnings, although these estimates are somewhat imprecise. (Contains 2 figures.)
Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness. 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208. Tel: 202-495-0920; Fax: 202-640-4401; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness (SREE)
Identifiers - Location: Texas