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ERIC Number: ED527527
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 72
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
High School Dual Enrollment Programs: Are We Fast-Tracking Students Too Fast? An NCPR Working Paper
Speroni, Cecilia
National Center for Postsecondary Research
Dual enrollment (DE), an arrangement by which high school students take college courses, is becoming increasingly popular as a means of improving high school education. However, there is very little rigorous evidence on its impact on student outcomes. A particular concern in evaluating its effects is the selection bias that arises because more able students are more likely to take DE courses. In this study, I employ a quasi-experimental method to gauge the causal effects of DE on student outcomes. I conduct two regression discontinuity analyses that exploit a statutory mandate in the state of Florida requiring high school students to have a minimum academic standing in order to participate in DE. The first analysis evaluates the effects of DE using GPA as the eligibility criterion. The second analysis evaluates the effects of a particularly challenging and popular DE course, college algebra, using an eligibility criterion that is specific to that course. While the standard regression-discontinuity methods are appropriate for the first analysis, the participation criterion for college algebra is used not only for DE students but also for college students. I therefore employ an extension of the regression-discontinuity method that accounts for sequential treatments. Using data on students from two high school cohorts (2000-01 and 2001-02) in selected Florida districts who were tracked through the summer of 2007, I find no evidence that simply taking a DE course improved marginal students' rates of high school graduation, college enrollment, or college degree attainment. However, for students on the margin of participation in algebra, I find that taking such a challenging DE course had large and significant effects on college enrollment and graduation rates. Appended are: (1) Estimated Discontinuity in Dual Enrollment (Any Course) in 12th Grade by Community College; and (2) Estimated Discontinuity in Participation in Dual Enrollment Algebra by College. (Contains 9 tables, 10 figures and 38 footnotes.)
National Center for Postsecondary Research. Teachers College, Columbia University, Box 174, 525 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027. Tel: 212-678-3091; Fax: 212-678-3699; e-mail: ncpr@columbia.edu; Web site: http://www.postsecondaryresearch.org/
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED); Association for Institutional Research
Authoring Institution: National Center for Postsecondary Research (ED)
Identifiers - Location: Florida
IES Funded: Yes
IES Grant or Contract Numbers: R305A060010