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ERIC Number: ED527118
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 144
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1245-1688-2
The Play Factor: Effect of Social Skills Group Play Therapy on Adolescent African-American Males
Earls, Melissa K.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Texas Southern University
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of Social Skills Group Play Therapy on remedying the social skills deficits of adolescent African-American males. Additionally, the study investigated whether age and grade level impacted the outcome of the intervention. The participants were adolescent African-American males ages 10 to 17 years old, residing in a private residential treatment facility. The design utilized in this study was a nonequivalent control group design. Each participant was administered four of the selected Beck Youth Inventories of Emotional and Social Impairment as a pretest and posttest. The experimental group received 10 weeks of Social Skills Group Play Therapy. Six hypotheses were tested at alpha = 0.005. Multiple Analysis of Covariance was used to analyze the data. It was found that Social Skills Group Play Therapy had a significant impact on the social skills of adolescent African-American males who received the intervention. The discriminate analyses of the data reveal significant results of the Beck Anger Inventory (BANI) post test scores as the variable that differentiated the most between the control and experimental group. The Beck Anxiety Inventory for Youth subscale scores resulted in no statistically significant difference between the groups. The results of this study found neither age nor grade influenced any significant outcome on the subscale scores of any of the participants. Qualitative data were also examined in order determine the clinical significance of the intervention. The findings of this research coincide with previous research on the efficacy of using Play Therapy with adolescents. Major findings of this study showed that participation in Social Skills Group Play Therapy decreased reported symptoms associated with anger and disruptive behavior, as well as positively impacting the reported degree of self-concept among adolescent African-American males. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Beck Anxiety Inventory