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ERIC Number: ED526459
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 126
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1245-2177-0
An Analysis of Psycho-Educational Profiles of Elementary Students Referred for Special Education Consideration Due to Literacy Difficulties
Bowers, Amy M.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga
This study examined the results of a uniquely constructed literacy assessment technique, combining Dehn's (2006) interpretation of psychological processing assessment and the Reading Rockets (Greater Washington Educational Telecommunications Association, Inc., 2005) interpretation of academic achievement. The study employed a quantitative descriptive research design using "ex post facto" data. The population was selected from one northwest Georgia school district and consisted of 54 elementary school students (first through fifth grades). Participants in the population met the following criteria: (1) received three tiers of reading intervention in the RTI process, (2) were referred for initial special education consideration, (3) were from either a primarily English or Spanish-speaking home, and (4) received a psycho-educational evaluation using the combined literacy assessment technique during the 2007-2008 school year and first semester of the 2008-2009 school year. The presence of a processing deficit was determined for each participant in each of the eight areas assessed: phonemic awareness, auditory processing, working memory, long-term retrieval, fluid reasoning, executive processing, processing speed, and visual-motor integration. Decisional statistics were performed, and the results showed that working memory and long-term retrieval deficits were most prevalent. Participants' mean academic achievement scores were collected in eight areas, and a one-way ANOVA technique was performed to analyze the population's mean achievement scores by three factors: primary language in the home, gender, and years of instruction. Results indicated that the students who primarily speak English in the home exhibited significantly higher mean achievement scores in the Letter and Word Recognition, Word Reading Fluency, Reading Comprehension, Listening Comprehension, and Oral Expression subtests. Female students exhibited significantly higher mean achievement scores in Oral Expression and Written Expression, and students with the least amount of school instruction exhibited significantly higher mean achievement scores in the areas of Letter and Word Recognition and Written Expression. Factors such as breadth of vocabulary, environmental language exposure, and the district's first grade intervention programming were considered to account for the differences in the population's combined literacy assessment outcomes. Implications for the school district's intervention and assessment design processes were provided. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Georgia