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ERIC Number: ED526407
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 88
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1245-5894-3
Self-Discrepancies as Predictors of Self-Concept in Mathematics and Related Emotional Consequences among LD and Regular Education High School Students
Mandel, Shawn
ProQuest LLC, Psy.D. Dissertation, St. John's University (New York)
Guided by the Self Discrepancy Theory (Higgins, 1987), the present study examines the nature of self-discrepancies, related emotional consequences, and math self-concept among high school students with and without learning disabilities. A total of 104 students in New York area participated in the present study. Math-Self Discrepancy Measure, Math Self-Concept Measure, Measure of Math Competence, Beck Depression Inventory for Youth, Beck Anxiety Inventory for Youth were used to gather the data. It was hypothesized that 1) LD students would exhibit a larger discrepancy between the "actual/own: ideal/own" and "actual/own: ideal/other" than the regular education students; 2) LD students would have a smaller discrepancy (e.g., greater similarity) between the "actual/own: Undesired/own" and "actual/own: Undesired/other" than the regular education students; 3) Large ideal self-discrepancies would predict lower self-concept resulting in higher levels of depression and anxiety; 4) small undesired self-discrepancies would predict lower self-concept resulting in higher levels of depression and anxiety. The results indicated that students with learning disabilities had a lower self-concept in their math competencies than students in regular education. They also performed more poorly on the actual math test than regular education students. In addition, LD students had smaller self-discrepancies between the Own/Undesired belief systems than their counterparts in regular education (e.g., Actual/own: Undesired/own). Furthermore, students who experienced self-inconsistency demonstrated lower level of math self-concept and some levels of anxiety and depression. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Beck Anxiety Inventory; Beck Depression Inventory