NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED525764
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 197
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1244-7319-2
Exploring the Emotional Correlates of White Racial Identity Attitudes
Siegel, Matthew Philip
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University
Given sources such as autobiography, theory, and research, there is reason to believe that there are emotional consequences to White people's racial outlooks. White racial identity theory (Helms, 1990) describes how various emotions could be related to White people's psychological orientation to their racial group. Yet little empirical evidence supports claims about the affective correlates of White racial identity. The current study sought to empirically test for theoretical propositions about relationships between a range of negative and positive emotions and White racial identity status attitudes. The sample included 286 White students from undergraduate and graduate level universities located in a Northeastern city. Participants were presented with a stimulus that consisted of a fictional vignette in which one condition involved characters with racial descriptors and another condition in which characters were not described by race. Baseline feeling states were measured prior to the stimulus and posttest emotions were rated afterward. The purpose of the manipulation was to identify race-related emotions. Participants also completed the White Racial Identity Attitude Scale (Helms & Carter, 1990) and a demographic questionnaire. Results indicated that several posttest feeling states such as anger and joy significantly differed across Conditions. Also, participants' emotional reactions were significantly related to their attempts at abandoning racism and developing positive non-racist worldviews. The study's findings suggest that Whites who try to rid themselves of racist outlooks experience mixed degrees of positive and negative feelings when they confront situations that involve race. Retreating into a racially dominative worldview can relieve them of emotional distress. However, some White may move towards developing a positive non-racist sense of being White. These Whites may experience emotional turmoil during the transition. Those who create a stable and mature White racial identity have the potential to appreciate race and interracial situations without succumbing to emotional suffering. Implications for counselor training and counseling practice as well as theory and research are discussed. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A