ERIC Number: ED525699
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The African American Struggle for Secondary Schooling, 1940-1980: Closing the Graduation Gap
Rury, John L.; Hill, Shirley A.
Teachers College Press
This is the first comprehensive account of African American secondary education in the postwar era. Drawing on quantitative datasets, as well as oral history, this compelling narrative examines how African Americans narrowed the racial gap in high school completion. The authors explore regional variations in high school attendance across the United States and how intraracial factors affected attendance within racial groups. They also examine the larger social historical context, such as the national high school revolution, the civil rights movement, campaigns to expand schooling and urging youth to stay in school, and Black migration northward. Closing chapters focus on desegregation and the "urban crisis" of the 1960s and 1970s that accelerated "White flight" and funding problems for urban school systems. The conclusion summarizes these developments and briefly looks at the period since 1980, when secondary attainment levels stopped advancing for Blacks and Whites alike. This book highlights: (1) A comprehensive history, drawing on statistical analysis, archival research, and interviews with African Americans who attended school in the 1940s and 1950s; (2) Lessons from the past, showing how parents and local communities played the most direct and dynamic role in the fight for access to education; and (3) Today's major challenges, including the growth of inner-city poverty and changing family structures.
Descriptors: African Americans, Urban Schools, Oral History, Race, Civil Rights, Attendance, Statistical Analysis, Access to Education, Migration, High Schools, Graduation Rate, Urban Areas, Educational Finance, Financial Support, Interviews, Context Effect, Educational History, Poverty, Family Structure, Whites, Educational Change
Teachers College Press. 1234 Amsterdam Avenue, New York, NY 10027. Tel: 800-575-6566; Fax: 802-864-7626; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.tcpress.com
Publication Type: Books; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A