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ERIC Number: ED525372
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 177
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1244-9226-1
Reducing the Impact of Temptation Cues on Health-Related Goal Cognitions among College Student Cigarette Smokers
Zisserson, Rebecca N.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Boston University
Smoking is an increasing problem among college-age individuals. Despite having the desire to quit smoking, many students are unable to achieve this goal. One factor that contributes to difficulties in the self-control of smoking is the effect of temptation contexts on the valuation of goals related to smoking cessation. Contextual cues may automatically decrease the value of goals that support quitting (e.g., being healthy) and increase the value of the goals supporting smoking behavior (e.g., feeling good). The ability to maintain the value of the goals that support self-control while tempted by a cigarette may be critical for success in quit efforts. Having smokers engage in a task that enhances their health-related goals while exposed to cigarette cues may provide an experience of successful management of inter-goal conflict. This study tested the effects of a health-focused, motivationally-based interview combined with cue exposure on the automatic evaluation of smoking-related goals, motivation to quit smoking, and changes in smoking behavior over time. College students who were daily smokers were randomly assigned to 3 groups: Health Interview plus Cue Exposure (Combined), Interview Only, and Cue Exposure Only. Eighty-eight college students (51 women) were enrolled in the study. It was hypothesized that those in the Combined condition would value health-related goals in the presence of tempting cues more than participants in the other condition, increase motivation to change, and improve quit attempt rates. Results show mixed support for the study hypotheses. Those in the Combined condition did not show different evaluations of health-related goals following smoking primes, nor did they show differences in smoking behavior compared to those in the other conditions. However, those in the Combined condition exhibited significantly greater motivation to quit. In exploratory analyses, moderators of the effect of the Combined intervention on smoking outcomes were found, including abstinence self-efficacy. This study supports previous research emphasizing the reciprocal impact of temptation cues on goal cognition. Results indicate that combining a motivationally-based intervention with cue exposure may be a promising smoking cessation technique. Future research is needed on techniques to address the impact of smoking cues on health-related goal cognition. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A