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ERIC Number: ED525016
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 221
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1095-7284-1
"A City of Brick": Visual Rhetoric in the Roman Principate
Lamp, Kathleen S.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
This study explores the impact of non-traditional rhetorical media such as art, architecture, coins, and city planning in order to examine how these media promoted dynastic rule and influenced practices of citizenship during Augustus' reign, the period between the Roman Republic and Empire (31 BCE-14CE). My findings challenge the long-standing narrative that rhetoric faded away after the Roman Republic, waning into schools of declamation, becoming detached from practice and focused on style. Chapter One focuses on the historical and theoretical contexts that shaped Augustan rhetoric showing a connection between the visual and Roman rhetorical theory and in the practice of oratory in the late Republic. This chapter forms the theoretical springboard for the following case studies in Chapters Two, Three, and Four, which follow various incarnations of the Augustan political myth, that is, the notion that Augustus and the Julian line were descended from Venus, through Aeneas, and that Augustus' reign was essentially the fulfillment of the gods' will that begun when Aeneas set off after the Trojan war. The first of these case studies, found in Chapter Two, examines the most complete visual representation of this myth in state art on the "Ara Pacts Augustae," Altar of Augustan Peace, and how traditional rhetorical techniques are at work on the altar. Chapter Three focuses on the political myth as represented on coins from the Senatorial and Imperial mints, the most widely seen rhetorical media in the Principate, arguing that as the Principate became more entrenched, the need to emphasize the relationship between the gods and Augustus faded away. Chapter four examines the popularization of the Augustan political myth and depiction of citizenships on the altars of the "Lares Augusti", that is, altars dedicated by the plebs, slaves, and women at neighborhood crossroads to the household Gods of Augustus. The conclusion considers the impact of the case studies on rhetorical history, arguing rhetoric transformed in the Principate from a practical to productive art that greatly influenced the transition from Republic to Empire, and permanently altered the appearance of the city of Rome. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A