ERIC Number: ED524977
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Evidence on the Efficacy of School-Based Incentives for Healthy Living. NBER Working Paper No. 17478
Cuffe, Harold E.; Harbaugh, William T.; Lindo, Jason M.; Musto, Giancarlo; Waddell, Glen R.
National Bureau of Economic Research
We analyze the effects of a school-based incentive program on children's exercise habits. The program offers children an opportunity to win prizes if they walk or bike to school during prize periods. We use daily child-level data and individual fixed effects models to measure the impact of the prizes by comparing behavior during prize periods with behavior during non-prize periods. Variation in the timing of prize periods across different schools allows us to estimate models with calendar-date fixed effects to control for day-specific attributes, such as weather and proximity to holidays. On average, we find that being in a prize period increases riding behavior by sixteen percent, a large impact given that the prize value is just six cents per participating student. We also find that winning a prize lottery has a positive impact on ridership over subsequent weeks; consider heterogeneity across prize type, gender, age, and calendar month; and explore differential effects on the intensive versus extensive margins.
Descriptors: Incentives, Program Effectiveness, Comparative Analysis, Motivation Techniques, Physical Activities, Health Promotion, Student Behavior
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research