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ERIC Number: ED524827
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 23
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1548-6613
Improving Writing Skills of Thai EFL Students by Recognition of and Compensation for Factors of L1 to L2 Negative Transfer
Sersen, William J.
Online Submission, US-China Education Review A 3 p339-345 2011
The purpose of this research is to utilize an experimental-education technique for improving the writing skills of Thai EFL (English as a Foreign Language) students. This improvement of skills is sought by making the student-participants in this study consciously aware of those specific aspects of L1 (Language 1, meaning the mother tongue) to L2 (Language 2, meaning the second language under study) transfer that would appear to affect their English writing products in a very direct and negative way. It was thought that instilling a conscious awareness of certain aspects of L1 to L2 negative transfer would help to mitigate the effects of that transfer. Twenty-four participants took part in this study, which lasted one semester. Purposive selection was employed. The research instrument consisted of ten tests/worksheets, administered to the participants three times over a one-semester period. Each test/worksheet contained ten sets of sentences. In each set, one sentence was written in grammatically-correct English and the second in Thai-L1-influenced "English". Students were asked to select the correctly-written sentence. During the period between each of the three tests, the instructor devoted at least 15 minutes of teaching time, per weekly course-period, to address the same type of L1 to L2 influence-issues as had appeared in the test/worksheets. Quantitative analysis was largely employed to analyze the test-results data in terms of frequency, linear regression, average, percentage and standard deviation. Qualitative analysis was also used, though to a lesser extent. The results of this research would suggest that making students consciously aware of negative (L1 to L2) transfer has resulted in a mitigation of certain aspects of that transfer, hence, yielding a degree of improvement in writing skills. (Contains 1 table and 4 figures.)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Thailand