ERIC Number: ED524739
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Sep-12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Play Deprivation: Is It Happening In Your School?
Lauer, Lisa M.
High-stakes testing combined with the notion that indoor and outdoor spontaneous play are a "waste of time" have contributed to the condition known as "play deprivation". This paper defines the term play deprivation and explores its negative effects on children and adults. Negative effects resulting from play deprivation include an increase in violent crimes, decreases in brain and muscle fiber development, and reduction in communication, problem-solving, and social skills. Further evidence of play deprivation exists indicating children are at greater risk for aggressive behaviors and an increased risk of obesity. Play deprivation of other species also indicate the same negative effects. Other factors contributing to play deprivation include inadequate and unsafe outdoor spaces and equipment, organized sports, technology, prescribed routines, litigation, violent/abusive childhood, and play elimination in curriculum. A survey of 68 kindergartens was conducted using the Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale-Revised (ECERS-R) to determine the amount of "Free Play" children experienced in their daily routines. Results of this survey indicated almost half of the kindergartens surveyed scored 4 or below and are engaged in free play far less than recommended by the ECERS-R. Although the number of studies addressing play deprivation is limited, the results are significant. Further studies and recommendations for interventions and preventions are identified. (A bibliography is included.)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Kindergarten
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Early Childhood Environment Rating Scale