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ERIC Number: ED524722
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 239
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1244-5023-0
Postsecondary Educational Decision-Making among First-Generation College-Bound Students in Okinawa Prefecture, with Consideration of the Population Problem in Japan
Amaki, Yuki
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles
In correspondence to an overall decline in the Japanese population, the number of young students in Japan has been dramatically decreasing to the extent that the Japanese government has predicted a situation in which as of 2009 admissions places in Japanese universities will be equal to the number of applicants. Currently, approximately fifty percent of high school students across Japan choose to attend universities or colleges every year. In Okinawa prefecture, however, that figure is only thirty percent, the lowest regional rate of advancement in Japan. Taking into consideration the various social and psychological factors that affect the college decision-making process, such as socioeconomic status (SES) and parental influence, this study focuses on the experiences of first-generation college-bound students on the premise that such students are more numerous in Okinawa than in many other prefectures in Japan, and that family legacy is therefore a significant factor in the prefecture's low rate of advancement. According to a 2009 report of the Japanese Statistics Bureau, Okinawa has in recent years been suffering from severe unemployment rates of approximately eight percent, in contrast to the average rate of five percent in Japan as a whole. The economically severe situation in Okinawa might therefore engender a belief among many parents, especially those who have never attended college themselves, that their children would be better served by attending vocational school after graduating from high school in order quickly to secure practical employment and to provide for the family. I explore to what extent SES differences may be correlated with college destination among first-generation college-bound students in Okinawa, in addition to parental influence which may affect college selection in contemporary Okinawan society. My target population for this study is four hundred college-bound high school seniors in Okinawa. I have conducted survey questionnaires among four hundred seniors in five high schools in Okinawa, as well as in-depth interviews with the nineteen first-generation college-bound students to determine the primary factors that influenced their decision to attend college. I have additionally conducted in-depth interviews with parents and high school teachers regarding students' college ambitions and expectations, and how they have guided students, first-generation college-bound students in particular, through various decisions, such as college selection and applications. The results of this research provide direction for my dissertation by revealing both the positive and negative aspects of college selection among first-generation college-bound students in Okinawa. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan