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ERIC Number: ED524463
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 122
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1244-3259-5
Word Problems: The Effects of Learner Generated Drawings on Problem Solving
Keesy, Melissa A.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Capella University
Middle school students struggle to solve mathematical word problems and mathematics teachers require researched based strategies to use when instructing students. Drawing a picture or representation is a strategy that students frequently use, and the purpose of this study was to examine the effects that learner-generated drawing has on a student's mathematical problem solving. The hypothesis of this study was there will be a significant difference in the ability to solve word problems of seventh- and -eighth grade students who use learner-generated drawings. A quantitative single group pretest-posttest design was used to explore the effects that learner-generated drawing had on middle school students' mathematical problem solving. Forty-six middle school students between the ages of 12 and 14 participated in the study. The Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Achievement III, Applied problems subtest was used as the pretest and posttest measures. The standard scores from the WJ-III Applied Problems subtest were coded into PAW 17 and a paired-samples t-test was used to determine if there was a statistically significant difference between the mean pretest scores and mean posttest scores. The results of the paired-samples t-test indicated that the pretest mean was 99.84 (SD = 7.214) and the posttest mean was 102.28 (SD = 7.172). The alpha level of 0.05 was used, and the p score was less than 0.001. The results of the paired-samples t-test were significant and the null hypothesis was rejected, indicating that the use of learner-generated drawing seemed to improve students' problem solving. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Grade 7; Grade 8; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement