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ERIC Number: ED524129
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 92
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1240-6479-6
ISSN: N/A
The Abilities and Differential Difficulties of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Children with Specific Language Impairment to Use Semantic and Social Contexts to Infer and Recall Novel Words
Goldman, Melody R.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, City University of New York
Two studies assessed the ability of 12 pre-school children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD; N = 7) or Specific Language Impairment (SLI; N = 5) to use semantic context and eye gaze to infer the meanings of novel nouns, and to recall those meanings after a 24-hour delay. In Experiment 1, the children heard statements containing a familiar, transitive verb and a novel noun (e.g., "Daddy eats the artichoke"). Children were asked to point to the picture of the correct referent which was presented with 3 other novel items. On day 2, they were asked to point out the correct novel referents (e.g., "Show me the artichoke") that were now rearranged in different displays and were requested without reference to the previous semantic context. In Experiment 2, the children saw a representation of a face with eyes oriented to one of 4 items, each located in a different quadrant around the face. Children were asked about the cartoon face's desires based on the social cues provided by the eye gaze (e.g., "Sully makes the bouquet. Show me the bouquet"). On Day 2, the children were asked to point to the previously labeled items that were arranged in a new display without reference to the previous social context. All participants performed better using semantic context than eye gaze, but the children with ASD had greater difficulty with eye gaze than those with SLI. Recommendations for future training and intervention based on the results of both experiments are provided. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A