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ERIC Number: ED523766
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Pages: 11
Abstractor: ERIC
Women in STEM: A Gender Gap to Innovation. ESA Issue Brief #04-11
Beede, David; Julian, Tiffany; Langdon, David; McKittrick, George; Khan, Beethika; Doms, Mark
US Department of Commerce
The science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) workforce is crucial to America's innovative capacity and global competitiveness. Yet women are vastly underrepresented in STEM jobs and among STEM degree holders despite making up nearly half of the U.S. workforce and half of the college-educated workforce. That leaves an untapped opportunity to expand STEM employment in the United States, even as there is wide agreement that the nation must do more to improve its competitiveness. There are many possible factors contributing to the discrepancy of women and men in STEM jobs, including: a lack of female role models, gender stereotyping, and less family-friendly flexibility in the STEM fields. Regardless of the causes, the findings of this report provide evidence of a need to encourage and support women in STEM. Appended are: (1) Table 1: Detailed STEM occupations and Standard Occupational Classification (SOC); and (2) Table 2: Detailed STEM undergraduate majors. (Contains 4 tables, 7 figures, and 8 endnotes.)
US Department of Commerce. 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230. Tel: 202-482-2000; Web site:
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Economics and Statistics Administration (DOC)