ERIC Number: ED523246
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Explaining Charter School Effectiveness. NBER Working Paper No. 17332
Angrist, Joshua D.; Pathak, Parag A.; Walters, Christopher R.
National Bureau of Economic Research
Estimates using admissions lotteries suggest that urban charter schools boost student achievement, while charter schools in other settings do not. We explore student-level and school-level explanations for these differences using a large sample of Massachusetts charter schools. Our results show that urban charter schools boost achievement well beyond ambient non-charter levels (that is, the average achievement level for urban non-charter students), and beyond non-urban achievement in math. Student demographics explain some of these gains since urban charters are most effective for non-whites and low-baseline achievers. At the same time, non-urban charter schools are uniformly ineffective. Our estimates also reveal important school-level heterogeneity in the urban charter sample. A non-lottery analysis suggests that urban schools with binding, well-documented admissions lotteries generate larger score gains than under-subscribed urban charter schools with poor lottery records. We link the magnitude of charter impacts to distinctive pedagogical features of urban charters such as the length of the school day and school philosophy. The relative effectiveness of urban lottery-sample charters is accounted for by over-subscribed urban schools' embrace of the No Excuses approach to education.
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Charter Schools, Educational Philosophy, Mathematics Achievement, School Effectiveness, Comparative Analysis, Academic Achievement, Racial Differences, Institutional Characteristics, Admission (School), Admission Criteria
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts
IES Cited: ED559928