ERIC Number: ED523245
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Dressed for Success? The Effect of School Uniforms on Student Achievement and Behavior. NBER Working Paper No. 17337
Gentile, Elisabetta; Imberman, Scott A.
National Bureau of Economic Research
Uniform use in public schools is rising, but we know little about how they affect students. Using a unique dataset from a large urban school district in the southwest United States, we assess how uniforms affect behavior, achievement and other outcomes. Each school in the district determines adoption independently, providing variation over schools and time. By including student and school fixed-effects we find evidence that uniform adoption improves attendance in secondary grades, while in elementary schools they generate large increases in teacher retention.
Descriptors: Urban Schools, Secondary Schools, Elementary Schools, Teacher Persistence, School Uniforms, Educational Environment, Correlation, Student Behavior, Academic Achievement, Attendance Patterns
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research