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ERIC Number: ED523072
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 336
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1243-5286-2
Liberal Arts Colleges in the Tumultuous 1940s: Institutional Identity and the Challenges of War and Peace
Humphrey, Jordan R.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University
This dissertation examines the experiences of four private, liberal arts colleges--Dartmouth College, Earlham College, Franklin & Marshall College, and Swarthmore College--before, during, and after World War II to identify the adaptive policies implemented to meet the challenges that accompanied the war and its aftermath. Identification of these institutional experiences during the war period--as defined in this study as 1939 to 1950--and the enrollment-driven policies and the processes by which these strategies were implemented also allows for an examination of how this period affected the colleges' short- and long-term institutional identities (i.e., mission, organizational culture, and structure). The four colleges exemplify the effects of the war on student enrollment and the financial condition of liberal arts colleges. The extension of admissions opportunities, the adoption of war-time curricula, and the militarization of campus illustrate a few of the adaptive policies implemented at the institutions during World War II. The experiences of the four colleges also typify the role of institutional identity and the implications of institutional leadership, culture, and mission for decision-making during periods of crisis like World War II and its aftermath. Institutional adaptation during and after the war and the effects of World War II on institutional identity reveals the influence of the war on the transition from pre-war to post-war private, liberal arts college. In addition, analysis of liberal arts colleges during the war period also provides a historical context for understanding issues that continue to affect higher education today such as mission creep, institutional adaptation, and the role of institutional identity in crisis-responsive decision-making. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A