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ERIC Number: ED522720
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Apr
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 8
Determining the Attitudes of Program Managers toward the Deinstitutionalization of Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities
Wilson, Carolyn H.; Weeks, Diane
Online Submission
We have moved from a period of institutional and facility-based thinking in which people were seen as patients, through an intermediary phase in which these individuals were seen as citizen with disabilities, but who share with all other citizens the potential for, and the right to, full community participation and integration. The movement of deinstitutionalization was (and is still in process) designed to gradually shift perception of mental defects and how professionals and the general public treat and label person with disabilities. Deinstitutionalization is when adult individuals with disabilities that have been housed for the majority of their lives in institutions are put back into the community. These adults with disabilities are usually adults with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities. These adults, many who require twenty-four hour care, are now being forced out of their familiar surrounding into the hands of unfamiliar caregivers (Herge, 2002). These individuals are fated to leave these institutions that have been their homes for most of their lives. These adult individuals with intellectual disabilities are being mainstreamed into an environment that is totally unfamiliar from what they have been used to. Program managers fear this deinstitutionalization movement will lead to functional regression and an increase in maladaptive behaviors.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A