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ERIC Number: ED522635
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul-15
Pages: 56
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
Earnings Benefits of Tulsa's Pre-K Program for Different Income Groups. Upjohn Institute Working Paper No. 11-176
Bartik, Timothy J.; Gormley, William; Adelstein, Shirley
W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research
This paper estimates future adult earnings effects associated with a universal pre-K program in Tulsa, Oklahoma. These informed projections help to compensate for the lack of long-term data on universal pre-K programs, while using metrics that relate test scores to valued social benefits. Combining test-score data from the fall of 2006 and recent findings by Chetty et al. (forthcoming) on the relationship between kindergarten test scores and adult earnings, we generate plausible projections of adult earnings effects and a partial cost-benefit analysis of the Tulsa pre-K program. We find substantial projected earnings benefits for program participants who differ by income and by program dosage. The dollar effects and benefit-cost ratios are similar across groups, with benefit-to-cost ratios of approximately 3 or 4 to 1. Because we only consider adult earnings benefits, actual benefit-cost ratios are likely higher, especially for disadvantaged children. (Contains 5 tables and 13 footnotes.) [This paper was written with assistance from Wei-Jang Huang and Claire Black.]
W. E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research. 300 South Westnedge Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49007-4686. Tel: 888-227-8569; Tel: 269-343-4330; Fax: 269-343-7310; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research
Identifiers - Location: Oklahoma