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ERIC Number: ED522605
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 213
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1242-7962-6
Factors That Predict Organizational Commitment for Full-Time and Part-Time Faculty in Community Colleges across North Carolina
Engle, Deborah Lynn
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, North Carolina State University
Organizational dependence on part-time employees is a relatively recent trend across the modern landscape of the American workforce and is especially apparent in higher education. At community colleges across the country, as well as in North Carolina, there is a substantial reliance on part-time faculty employment. This is common practice in order to reduce institutional costs and to maintain institutional flexibility in curricular offerings. As community colleges' dependence on part-time faculty continues, it becomes apparent that these employees are critical to the success of these institutions. Despite the widespread employment of part-time faculty, there is little known about the commitment levels of these faculty, or even the levels of their full-time counterparts. The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictive value of several variables on organizational commitment for both full-time and part-time faculty in community colleges across North Carolina. The study utilized the Meyer and Allen (1991) three-component model of organizational commitment which proposes that individuals become committed for any of three psychological reasons labeled as affective, continuance, and normative. The dataset consisted of faculty responses on a web-based survey distributed to 26 North Carolina community colleges. Using analysis of variance (ANOVA), this study compared levels of organizational commitment between full-time and part-time faculty. Results showed that mean scores of affective, continuance and normative commitment were significantly higher for full-time faculty than part-time faculty. Using multiple regression, this study examined how organizational, alternatives/transferability, rewards and demographic variables predict organizational commitment for full-time and part-time faculty. Generally, regression analyses showed that organizational support, extrinsic rewards, age and education level were significantly predictive of all three commitment components, for both full-time and part-time faculty. Furthermore, regression analysis indicated that extrinsic financial rewards have a significant negative influence on affective commitment for part-time faculty. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Two Year Colleges
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina