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ERIC Number: ED522485
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Apr-30
Pages: 3
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Too "Fresh" or Too Smart? Freshmen Taking on Upper-Division Courses. IRAP Brief
Rogulkin, Dmitri
Online Submission
When students take courses out of sequence, it can have a detrimental effect on both teaching and learning. At California State University-Fresno, we see a considerable number of freshmen taking upper division classes and an even larger number of upper-division students taking lower level classes. The purpose of this study was to examine academic preparation and performance of freshmen taking upper-division classes and the effect of inverted course-taking on students' retention and graduation. Grades earned by freshmen in upper-division courses were compared to grades of other students in the same classes. Results show that those freshmen who take and pass upper-division courses during their first year complete their degree in four years at higher rates. Those first-time freshmen who are failing the upper-division courses tend to be less prepared for college and are likely to be retained and graduate at considerably lower rates. First-year freshmen also tend to earn lower grades in those courses compared to upper-division students. (Contains 3 tables.)
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California