ERIC Number: ED522192
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
The Relationship between Computer Use and Standardized Test Scores: Does Gender Play a Role?
Kay, Rachel E.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Boston College
Over the past few decades, and especially in the past ten years, computer use in schools has increased dramatically; however there has been little research examining the effects of technology use on student achievement, specifically defined by standardized test scores. There is also concern as to how technology use differs by gender and if that distinction may lead to differences in student achievement by gender. This study attempts to untangle the relationship between technology use, gender, and test scores. Specifically the study examines differences in computer use between boys and girls, which computer uses are predictors of English language arts and mathematics standardized test scores, and how gender interacts with these predictors. The sample for this study comes from the Berkshire Wireless Learning Initiative evaluation, which examined the use of technology at three one-to-one laptop schools and two comparison schools in western Massachusetts. This evaluation used online surveys to collect information about technology use and MCAS scores to measure student achievement. A series of regression analyses were employed to determine the relationship between these uses and MCAS scores. Findings from this study suggest that there are no significant differences in technology use between girls and boys. Additionally, there are only small relationships between technology use and achievement, but these relationships are always stronger for boys than for girls. Finally, this study discovered that socioeconomic status did not significantly predict English language arts test scores for students at the laptop schools, but did significantly predict scores for students at the comparison schools. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
Descriptors: Females, Language Arts, Standardized Tests, Academic Achievement, Computer Uses in Education, English, Males, Scores, Correlation, Educational Technology, Gender Differences, Predictor Variables, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement, Laptop Computers, Surveys, Regression (Statistics), Socioeconomic Status, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System