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ERIC Number: ED522122
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jan
Pages: 21
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 4
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Eligibility Policies and Practices for Young Children under Part B of IDEA. NECTAC Notes. No. 27
Danaher, Joan
National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center (NECTAC)
The identification of young children in need of special education and related services has been an issue with advocates, service providers, parents, researchers, and policy makers for years. The enactment in 1975 of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (P. L. 94-142) required states and jurisdictions to provide special education and related services to children identified by the disability categories enumerated in the law (hereinafter referred to as Part B categories). As implementation of this legislation continued throughout the late 1970s and into the 1980s, concerns were raised in some quarters about how applicable and appropriate some of the disability categories are for very young children. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, P.L. 108-446, clarified that the age range for developmental delay is ages 3 through 9, or any subset of that range, including ages 3 through 5. The most recent regulations reaffirmed the states' role in deciding whether to use a developmental delay category, defining it, and assigning an age range. Local education agencies (LEAs) may use developmental delay only if they use the states' definition and age range. In response to states' interest in whether or how other states are using developmental delay or other eligibility category specific to 3- through 9-year-olds, the author reviewed the current eligibility classifications and criteria as retrieved from states' Web sites and/or provided by the coordinators of the state Part B-Section 619 programs, including the District of Columbia. The results of the analysis are discussed and are summarized in this paper. Attachment 1 presents a summary of all the states' eligibility policies: disability term(s) for early childhood, the age range to which it applies, criteria for eligibility under that term, notes on the state's use of the term, including the relationship of the term to other Part B categories, whether eligibility policies address transition from Part C to Section 619 services, and additional information on the age range of developmental delay/other early childhood disability category, and other comments. (Contains 4 tables.)
National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center (NECTAC). Campus Box 8040, UNC-CH, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-8040. Tel: 919-962-2001; Fax: 919-966-7463; e-mail: nectac@unc.edu; Web site: http://www.nectac.org/pubs/pubs.asp
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Office of Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS)
Authoring Institution: National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center
Identifiers - Location: District of Columbia
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education for All Handicapped Children Act; Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Part B; Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act 2004