NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED521848
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 99
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1243-0451-9
The Influence of Retrieval Practice on Memory and Comprehension of Science Texts
Hinze, Scott R.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Illinois at Chicago
The testing effect, where retrieval practice aids performance on later tests, may be a powerful tool for improving learning and retention. Three experiments test the potentials and limitations of retrieval practice for retention and comprehension of the content of science texts. Experiment 1 demonstrated that cued recall of paragraphs, but not fill-in-the-blank tests, improved performance on new memory items. Experiment 2 manipulated test expectancy and extended cued recall benefits to inference items. Test expectancies established prior to retrieval altered processing to either be ineffective (when expecting a memory test) or effective (when expecting an inference test). In Experiment 3, the processing task engaged in during retrieval practice was manipulated. Explanation during retrieval practice led to more effective transfer than free recall instructions, especially when participants were compliant and effective in their explanations. These experiments demonstrate that some, but not all, processing during retrieval practice can influence both memory and understanding of science texts. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A