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ERIC Number: ED521786
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Pages: 58
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Disadvantaged Students: School Districts Have Used Title I Funds Primarily to Support Instruction. Report to Congressional Committees. GAO-11-595
Scott, George A.
US Government Accountability Office
Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended, is the largest federal education funding source for kindergarten through grade 12. In fiscal year 2010, Congress appropriated $14.5 billion for Title I grants to school districts to improve educational programs in schools with high concentrations of students from low-income families. ESEA includes accountability requirements for schools and districts that focus primarily on measuring academic outcomes rather than prescribing exactly how Title I funds are to be spent. ESEA, as amended, includes a mandate that requires the US Government Accountability Office (GAO) determine how selected districts expend Title I funds. In response, the GAO addressed (1) how selected school districts spent their Title I funds and (2) what federal mechanisms are in place to oversee how Title I funds are used and what is known about the extent of noncompliance with relevant requirements. To do this, GAO visited a nongeneralizable sample of 12 school districts in 4 states and analyzed their Title I expenditures for the 2008-2009 school year. GAO also reviewed federal and local audit findings for a wider range of states and districts. Districts were selected based on criteria in the mandate including variation in size, student demographics, location, and economic conditions. GAO is not making recommendations. Education provided technical comment on a draft of this report, which we incorporated as appropriate. Appended are: (1) Objectives, Scope and Methodology; (2) School District Profiles; and (3) GAO Contact and Staff Acknowledgments. (Contains 1 table, 7 figures and 56 footnotes.)
US Government Accountability Office. 441 G Street NW, Washington, DC 20548. Tel: 202-512-6000; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: US Government Accountability Office
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act; Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I