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ERIC Number: ED521575
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 33
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 42
Screening for Mathematics Difficulties in K-3 Students
Gersten, Russell; Clarke, Benjamin S.; Jordan, Nancy C.
Center on Instruction
A major advance in the field of reading over the past 15 years has been the development and validation of screening measures that can detect with reasonable accuracy those kindergartners and first graders likely to experience difficulty in learning to read. Increasingly, these students now receive additional instructional support during the critical early years of schooling. The authors believe the field of mathematics is ready for a similar leap forward in identifying and providing intensive support for young students who are experiencing difficulties in learning the fundamentals of mathematics. The field now possesses adequate information on valid early screening measures that could be used by teachers and school personnel to identify these students. Screening tools to identify students at risk for later mathematics difficulties must address a number of critical variables, including predictive validity and content selection. The design of screening instruments also needs to be guided by information from the fields of developmental and cognitive psychology on how children develop an emerging understanding of mathematics. Further, when developing assessment tools, mathematics educators' expertise should be tapped; this would result in screening tools that integrate knowledge bases in both fields. In this report the author describe the aspects of numerical proficiency that seem to emerge consistently as most important to assess in young students and specify areas that seem most fruitful to assess in early screening batteries. (Contains 2 tables.)
Center on Instruction. Available from: RMC Research Corporation. 1000 Market Street Building 2, Portsmouth, NH 03801. Tel: 800-258-0802; Tel: 603-422-8888; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3; Kindergarten
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Department of Education (ED); National Research Center on Learning Disabilities
Authoring Institution: Center on Instruction
IES Cited: ED504995