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ERIC Number: ED521422
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jan
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 43
The Relationship of Individual Career Plans to Programs of Study and Career Pathways. Transition Highlights. Issue 3
Kalchik, Stephanie; Oertle, Kathleen Marie
Office of Community College Research and Leadership
Emerging in the late 1960s and early 1970s, the concept of individual student planning developed as a component of school guidance counseling programs. The underlying significance of these plans, such as the Individual Career Plan (ICP), is that "it gives [students] a chance to tell and develop their story" (N. Gysbers, personal communication, December 7, 2010). According to Gysbers (2008), ICPs allow students to work closely with school counselors, and this in turn begins a process of goal setting that gives students concrete direction and purpose. This leads to increased academic achievement when ICPs are included in guidance counseling programs. This paper discusses the following: (1) the roots of the ICP; (2) the relationships of ICPs to guidance counseling and advising; and (3) how ICPs should be implemented. Examples of ICPs are also included.
Office of Community College Research and Leadership. 51 Gerty Drive Room 129, Champaign, IL 61820. Tel: 217-244-9390; Fax: 217-244-0851; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Illinois State Board of Education
Authoring Institution: Illinois University, Office of Community College Research and Leadership