ERIC Number: ED521160
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
Gender Equity in Science Education
Hall, Johanna R.
The dearth of females in high-level science courses and professions is a well-documented phenomenon in modern society. Inequality in science instruction is a crucial component to the under representation of females in science. This paper provides a review of current literature published concerning gender inequality in K-12 science instruction. The existing literature suggests that the competitive nature of traditional science classrooms and the view of science as a male field of study inhibit female scientific performance. In an effort to provide educators with guidance in creating a gender equitable science classroom, this paper documents methods, such as creating a collaborative learning environment and increasing inquiry-based opportunities, which effectively counteract the disempowerment of females in science. Identifying aspects that disempower and empower females in K-12 science classrooms should provide a context for creating improvement in the gender equity of science instruction. A Conceptual Model for Building Spatial Visualization in Girls is appended.
Descriptors: Females, Classroom Environment, Sex Fairness, Science Education, Equal Education, Gender Bias, Literature Reviews, Cooperative Learning, Inquiry, Empowerment, Teaching Methods, Womens Education, Intervention, Gender Issues, Change Strategies, Teacher Education Programs, Faculty Development
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A