ERIC Number: ED521074
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Federal Aid and Equality of Educational Opportunity: Evidence from the Introduction of Title I in the South. NBER Working Paper No. 17155
Cascio, Elizabeth U.; Gordon, Nora E.; Reber, Sarah J.
National Bureau of Economic Research
Title I of the 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act substantially increased federal aid for education, with the goal of expanding educational opportunity. Combining the timing of the program's introduction with variation in its intensity, we find that Title I increased school spending by 46 cents on the dollar in the average school district in the South and increased spending nearly dollar-for-dollar in Southern districts with little scope for local offset. Based on this differential fiscal response, we find that increases in school budgets from Title I decreased high school dropout rates for whites, but not blacks.
Descriptors: Equal Education, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, School District Spending, Dropout Rate, Dropouts, African American Students, White Students, Racial Differences, High Schools
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I