NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED520939
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 132
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1241-8408-1
Structure of Calling and Vocation across Gender and Age Cohort
Eldridge, Brandy M.
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, Colorado State University
The Calling and Vocation Questionnaire (CVQ) is a measure based on Dik and Duffy's (2009) theoretical conceptualization of calling, which includes three dimensions: (1) a transcendent summons, (2) deriving or expressing meaning or purpose through work, and (3) a prosocial orientation in work. Additionally, this definition posits two overarching aspects of calling: presence and search. To date, research has established the CVQ as a reliable, valid psychological instrument for the purpose of measuring calling. The present study sought to further evaluate the structure of the measurement model of the CVQ by conducting confirmatory analyses. Specifically, multigroup analysis within the structural equation model paradigm was conducted using four groups of college students: women in their first year, men in their first year, women in their last year, and men in their last year of their undergraduate degree program. The purpose was to assess the utility of the CVQ as a psychological measure for college students in general; that is, if the measurement model operates similarly across groups, the CVQ can then be employed with increased confidence with college students, regardless of their subgroup membership (e.g., year in school, gender). Participants were students recruited from an institution of higher education in the Western United States. The results indicated that the initially proposed measurement model of the iv CVQ, based on Dik and Duffy's (2009) conceptualization, did not provide a good fit to the data. The model was modified by assigning all of the prosocial orientation items related to search for calling to the presence of calling factor, resulting in good model fit for all groups. Structural equation modeling multigroup analyses indicated the revised measurement model remained consistent across all four groups, with the exception of one factor loading. Additional analyses were conducted assessing differences in means scores between the four groups. The results indicated no significant differences in presence of or search for calling across age cohort. Significant gender differences were found, whereby women scored higher than men on both presence of and search for calling. These results were confounded, however, by the unequal distribution of majors between women and men. Based on these results, it was concluded that the CVQ shows promise as a measure with utility across various groups of college students. Future directions for research and practice are also explored. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A