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ERIC Number: ED520877
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 269
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-1240-3732-5
Spatial Reference in Rongga (ISO 639-3: ROR), Balinese (ISO 639-3: BAN), and Indonesia (ISO 639-3: IND)
Aryawibawa, I Nyoman
ProQuest LLC, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Kansas
Many scholars have proposed concepts relevant to spatial reference. Herskovits (1982) proposed that the topological concepts support, contiguity and containment are basic in English, while Levinson et al.'s (2003) examination of nine unrelated languages revealed that the concept attachment is primary. Neither of these proposals is confirmed in Rongga, Balinese, and Indonesian. My empirical and experimental investigation of these languages showed that the concept expectedness governs the use of topological prepositions in the languages. Non-topologically, it has long been claimed that a relative frame of reference is universal. This claim is also not confirmed in this study. My non-topological relation study reveals that Rongga and Balinese use a landmark system, while Indonesian practices a relative system. The Balinese landmark system changes to an absolute system when speakers leave the island. In short, this study reveals that previous proposals on the concepts relevant to spatial reference are not universally supported. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia